These include renewable energy, responding to climate change and IT infrastructure.
"Papua New Guinea and India have a lot in common in these important areas and I look forward to our discussion with Prime Minister [Narendra] Modi and his administration," O'Neill said.
"There will be discussions on the sharing of expertise on renewable energy technologies, where India has significant experience that will benefit developing countries.
"As well as having a vast inland, India is also a maritime nation with thousands of islands and more than 7000km of coastline and climate change is affecting communities in these coastal areas just as is the case in PNG and around the Pacific."
He also said trade between PNG and India deserves special attention and enhancing ties will have a positive effect on critical services.
"India's annual trade with Pacific Island nations is around $US300 million ($A406 million) of which more than half is with Papua New Guinea," O'Neill said.
"During this visit we will enhance Papua New Guinea's business engagement with India and deliver more jobs in both countries in areas that include energy, resources and fisheries.
"The use of technology can dramatically expand the reach of healthcare professionals to diagnose medical conditions for people in remote areas, and develop plans to bring people back to good health.
"At the same time schools in remote areas can access a world of knowledge through the internet.
"In PNG we are expanding internet access to remote areas but we also need to have better systems and processes for people to consult with doctors online or to get better school lesson plans."