It is a joint venture between the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the PNG Electrification Partnership (PEP).
Launching the project was US ambassador to PNG Erin McKee, who said the USAID PEP project would contribute to the broader PNG electricity partnership, along with the United States, Australia, Japan, and New Zealand, created during the 2018 Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Leaders' Summit.
McKee said that, today, only about 13% of Papua New Guineans had reliable access to electricity and the partnership aims to increase that to 70% by 2030.
"Access to electricity is key to Papua New Guinea's economic growth," McKee said.
"Electricity lifts the living standards of communities in cities, towns and remote villages. It allows schools and hospitals to deliver essential services. It is also an essential precursor for the growth of the private sector and industry, including small and medium enterprises."
The US Embassy says that through the project, USAID will strengthen PNG Power Ltd's capacity to expand connections, reduce system and commercial losses, and increase its revenues, as well as develop at least 10 viable off-grid electrification models in select remote communities.
The project will help develop policies and methodologies to promote efficient delivery of energy services.
The US Embassy adds that USAID will act as a catalyst for private investment for energy projects by helping develop a pipeline of bankable projects, providing transaction advisory support and collaborating with financial institutions on energy project opportunities.
"This contribution to the commitments we made at APEC represents our partnership in action. We are excited about this step forward, where together we will drive inclusive growth, development and empowerment to communities throughout Papua New Guinea," McKee said.
The US Embassy says the US and PNG share longstanding historical and commercial links, people-to-people ties, and defence partnerships.
"Through USAID, the US government works with the PNG government, the private sector and civil society organisations to bolster their ability to lead the country's journey to self-reliance. USAID assistance focuses on strengthening disaster preparedness and environmental resilience, health, and democratic governance."