An Ecuadorean court slapped Chevron with the bill in February last year, but the company sought to appeal the judgement given it was unenforceable under New York law, where Chevron is listed.
According to Reuters, Chevron was successful in getting a New York federal judge to issue an injunction against enforcement of the Ecuador judgement. But this was overturned by a circuit court judge in the same state in January, who ruled Chevron had no right to seek the injunction.
The judge found Chevron could only seek an injunction in response to an attempted enforcement in New York.
The plaintiffs have not attempted this, instead seeking to enforce the ruling in Canada and Brazil, where Chevron also operates.
But the corporate giant took its appeal against the circuit court judgement to the Supreme Court, arguing that it had the right to prepare an anticipatory defence should the plaintiffs seek to enforce the Ecuadorean ruling in New York.
The court, which subsequently rejected its appeal, gave no reason for the finding.
Separately, Chevron is pursuing a racketeering charge against NY attorney Steven Donzinger and a group of Ecuadoreans it accused of attempted extortion in relation to the pollution case.